PART 2: Hands-on lesson plans KEY AREA 1. ONLINE ETHICS AND NETIQUETTE Introduction to Online ethics and netiquette Online communication through all digital tools is of great capability, but if it is not used correctly, results in great harm, cruelty and even crime. In order to avoid that, people need to determine their online ethics through the understanding of legal ramifications and trusting personal philosophy used in other areas of life. Online ethics concerns include the protection of private information, the limits of presumed freedom of expression and issues of libel. That is why within this area learners will define and use online ethics and netiquette along with creative commons and copyright. One’s capability of using many profiles and personas, in communication media, with anonymity, needs protection for both the recipients but also the community in order to be used ethically and not deceiving others. Online environments are also considered as an extension of society and misbehaviours create flames that result in online conflicts, cruelty, harm, and crimes with bullying and manipulation being among them. Netiquette is critical to address other significant societal challenges. Online disinformation, fake-news and online hate speech constitute real threats to core European democratic values, which can be tackled by fostering the capacity to engage positively, critically and responsibly with digital technologies. As a result of these findings, a need to maintain a good online etiquette as in real life is considered of great importance.